This project was funded by Star Ghana and was implemented for over year. The main goal of the project was to advocate for inclusion of mining related issues into manifestoes of political parties and independent candidates who contested the 2012 presidential and parliamentary elections
Project Title: “Don’t kill us slowly: the cry of residents of residents of Tarkwa Nsuaem Municipality suffering from the negative effects of mining on gender, health, environment and livelihood.
The project build capacities of communities affected by mining to demand the restoration of their social, economic and political rights which has been violated by mining companies as well as state security acting on behalf of the companies.
Reforming the legal regimes governing the mining sector: the role of empowered youths, i.e., tertiary students
Following years of advocacy work carried by CEIA and its partners namely, Wacam and Centre for Public Interest Law (CEPIL) on the need to have a mining legislation that puts the interests of the nation first and not that of the investor as currently witness in Minerals and Mining Act, Act 703 of 2006. Also, following government’s own commitment to revise the Act 703 to be in line with the ECOWAS Mining Directive, which required all member countries of the ECOWAS sub-region revise their mining laws by the year 2014.
CEIA, Wacam and CEPIL developed and launched a sample mining bill in September 2016.
This advocacy project seeks to sensitise the youths particularly students in tertiary institutions in Ghana. The entire duration for the project is one year. It involves holding series of seminars, lectures and workshops for both students and lecturers in all the tertiary institutions.
Advocacy for sustainable Iron ore Mining in Ghana
The project is a two year policy/advocacy/litigation support initiative which seek to address the recurrent challenge of resource extraction at the whims and caprices of the political class without recognition for national dialogue and adequate community engagement on the cost benefits analysis and impact mitigation measures which make it possible to maximize and spreads the benefits of mining. The approach of this project is at the level of:
Policy- to examine the policy gaps in the extraction of iron ore in the Sheini iron ore project for advocacy.
Baseline study-Conduct a baseline study on the project area and identify the possible impacts, establish a stakeholder map for engagement on the possible impacts and the mitigation strategy, which should be adopted.
Engagements- engages the relevant stakeholder such as policy makers, implementing agencies and institutions at the National, regional and community levels.
Rights Education in the communities- educate the community on their right to information and engagement with the state and the company
Legal literacy: educate relevant stakeholders including communities on the laws governing mining in the country.
This project was implemented by four (4) organisations, namely; African Centre for Energy Policy (ACEP), Wacam, CEPIL and CEIA. It will end in December 2017.
Sustainable development has given rise to various visions of the future of the world, possible trade-offs and of externalities. Although sustainable development requires the integration of the economic, environmental and social dimensions of development, the economic considerations often override the environmental and social considerations in most developing countries including Ghana.
Many of the social elements of sustainable development can be cast in the light of socio-economic considerations as links between the economic, environmental and social dimensions. When dealing with the social dimension of gold mining, the ultimate goal should be on identifying the ways to maximize the positive effects of mining on the lives of people while minimizing the negative effects.
It is in line with this thinking of creating a wealthy society for Ghanaians, that as part of the economic recovery programme (ERP) launched in mid 1980s by the PNDC government, Ghana institutionalised the model of development based on mineral extraction. This led to massive foreign direct investment (FDI) in flows into the extractive sector. The country’s efforts to attract foreign investment have brought in a range of companies from Australia; Canada; South Africa; the United Kingdom and the United States, which hold controlling interests in most of the mining companies in Ghana.
However, in recent times, there is growing dissension over the net benefits of investments in the gold mining sector to the country as a whole, and to the communities directly impacted by gold mining activities in particular as well as decline in environmental quality and livelihoods of residents in mining communities. This decline in environmental quality and livelihoods witnessed in mining communities in Ghana has raised the following worrisome concerns:
- Is pollution of rivers, streams, air and soil in mining communities the price that the residents have to pay for having these natural resources in their communities?
- Do the residents of mining communities have the opportunities to choose between better living standards and reasonable environmental quality such as the right to clean source of drinking water, soil and air to the pollution of their drinking water, air, soil and food crops?
- Does the negative relationship observed between per capita income derived from gold mining and its environmental pollution, mean that residents of mining communities will continue to be exposed to worse environmental conditions than people living in non – mining communities in Ghana?
- Does the pollution of rivers, streams, air, soil and food crops in mining communities have any implications on their health?
- Is there any linkage between exposure to toxic chemicals such as arsenic, mercury, lead, cadmium, etc in drinking water, air, soil and food crops via oral ingestion or dermal contact by residents to diseases reported at health institutions in mining communities in Ghana?
Addressing the aforementioned challenges requires dedicated experts with strong scientific and technological know-hows coupled with strong leadership skills in sound management of natural resources.